U.S. small business employment increased 0.11 percent in January, while overall revenue dropped 0.4 percent in December, according to Intuit.
The QuickBooks maker’s monthly Small Business Employment and Revenue Indexes found that construction was the only sector to see an increase in revenue. The January employment increase represents 20,000 new jobs added and an annualized growth rate of 1.3 percent.
The real estate, rental and leasing, and retail industries saw the biggest decline in December at 0.8 percent, followed by professional, scientific, and technical services and accommodation and food services with a 0.6 percent decline.
On a seasonally adjusted basis, average monthly compensation fell by 0.2 percent in January, or $6, compared to the increase of $13 seen in December. Average monthly hours worked decreased by 0.9 percent, or almost one hour, compared to the increase of five minutes seen last month.
The index is based on data from Intuit Online Payroll and QuickBooks Online Payroll, covering the period from Dec. 24 through Jan. 23.
“The rate of small business employment continues its slow climb after a slight dip from April through September 2012,” said Susan Woodward, the economist who worked with Intuit to create the indexes. “However, the number of small business jobs now stands at a little over 19.9 million—still below the peak in April 2012, and well below its pre-recession level of 21.2 million jobs in March 2007. Given the continuing high levels of unemployment, we can expect little to no impact on small business wages and employment levels from the return of the employee payroll tax to its previous level of 6.2 percent. Instead, we will be much more likely to see a decline in the consumption spending of employees, who will be taking home less money.”
Small business hourly employees worked an average of 105.1 hours in January, down slightly from the revised figure of 106.1 hours in December, making for a 24.3-hour workweek.
Average monthly pay for small business employees dropped to $2,676 in January, down 0.2 percent from the December revised figure of $2,682 per month. The equivalent annual wages would be about $32,100 per year, which is part-time work for almost half of small business employees.
A breakdown of employment growth by state showed mixed results for January. Among the 33 states tracked by Intuit’s Small Business Employment Index, 11 showed employment increases, two remained flat, and 20 showed decreases. Utah and Nevada saw the largest increases, while Michigan and Indiana saw the greatest declines.
The December Small Business Revenue Index showed a 0.4 percent revenue decline on a per business basis. Construction was the sole industry to see an increase, at 0.3 percent. The real estate and retail industries saw the biggest drop-offs, at 0.8 percent each. This index is based on data from QuickBooks Online and covers the period from Dec. 1 – 31.
For the entire year, the construction industry was the only one with increased revenue, reporting a 3.1 percent rise, compared to a decline of 1.8 percent for small businesses overall. The retail and healthcare sectors reported the biggest decreases over the past year with a 5 percent and 3.8 percent decline respectively.
“The revenue decline that began in early 2012 coincides with a rise in self employment,” said Woodward. “This increase of new entrants into existing industries may explain the decline in revenue per business. There are now more businesses competing for business in the same markets.”