National Taxpayer Advocate Nina Olson’s latest mid-year report to Congress calls the IRS “an institution in crisis,” with its many problems affecting its ability to conduct its mission.
While acknowledging the scandals currently engulfing the tax service, the report states, “The real crisis facing the IRS … is a radically transformed mission coupled with inadequate funding to accomplish that mission. As a consequence of this crisis, the IRS gives limited consideration to taxpayer rights or fundamental tax administration principles as it struggles to get its job done.”
The wide-ranging report identifies priorities that the Taxpayer Advocate Service will address during the upcoming fiscal year. Among them:
- Adequate oversight of the tax return preparer industry, and relieving financial harm suffered by victims of preparer fraud;
- Resolving erroneous revocations of the tax-exempt status of small Section 501(c)(3) organizations and failing to provide them with a pre-revocation administrative appeal;
- Effective, timely and taxpayer-centric relief to victims of ID theft; and,
- A congressionally enacted Taxpayer Bill of Rights.
Olson also released a special report examining the IRS’s use of questionable criteria to screen applicants for tax-exempt status.
Reiterating her longtime support for regulation of return preparers, Olson said that last January’s U.S. District Court Loving decision, which disagreed with the IRS’s view that it has the authority to implement RTRP requirements on its own, “is based in part on an outdated understanding of return preparation and filing. The return preparation industry has changed substantially over the last few decades as a result of the ready availability of return preparation software, refundable credits and refund-based loans.”
“The National Taxpayer Advocate’s main focus continues to be the retention of minimum standards for return preparation,” the report added. “The reinstatement or reissuance of the IRS preparer oversight rules would promote tax compliance by imposing minimum competency standards. In addition, questionable preparers would have less opportunity and incentive to engage in misconduct or fraud.”
“The National Taxpayer Advocate is concerned that taxpayers remain vulnerable to incompetent or unscrupulous preparers,” the report read, with an additional stress on taxpayers sharply questioning preparers about their qualifications and experience in preparing returns.
Olson’s report also urged Congress restore funding for IRS employee training, which has been cut by 83 percent since 2010.
Exempt Organization Review and a Bill of Rights
Taking a self-described “broad look” at factors contributing to the use of questionable screening criteria and processing delays regarding tax-exempt organizations, the report groups the contributing factors into four categories:
1. Lack of guidance and transparency;
2. Absence of adequate checks and balances;
3. Management and administrative failures; and,
4. EOs’ “cultural difficulty” with TAS.
IRS employees are offered “little guidance” to determine whether an organization qualifies for tax-exempt status, according to the report.
“The advocate recommends that Congress or the Treasury Department provide clearer standards,” the report adds, also noting that if an organization’s application for Section 501(c)(3) status is rejected or not answered after 270 days, the organization may go to court to request a declaratory judgment; applicants for Section 501(c)(4) status have no such right. Additionally, the application form for section 501(c)(4) organizations does not ask “key” questions.
The report also noted a number of other challenges facing the IRS:
- Effective, timely collection alternatives to minimize taxpayer burden while reducing the number and dollar amount of balance-due accounts;
- Education and outreach to taxpayers about their responsibilities under the Affordable Care Act; and,
- “Less draconian and more reasonable ‘settlement initiatives’ for the millions of taxpayers who have legitimate reasons for overseas bank and financial accounts and whose failure to file reports was merely negligent.”