The Internal Revenue Service is cautioning a variety of organizations that the W-2 phishing email scam is now spreading to more organizations beyond corporate America, with schools, restaurants, hospitals and tribal groups now being targeted by cybercriminals.

Last week, the IRS issued a warning about the scam reappearing this tax season for the second year in a row (see IRS warns of second wave of W-2 email scam). Cybercriminals tricked payroll and HR employees into giving employee names, SSNs and income information in response to emails from fraudsters posing as corporate executives. Identity thieves then filed tax returns using the employees’ names seeking their tax refunds. On Thursday, the IRS, along with state tax agencies and the tax industry said the Form W-2 email phishing scam has evolved beyond the corporate world and is now spreading to other sectors, including school districts, tribal organizations and nonprofits.

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