The Securities and Exchange Commission has charged three former top officers of New Century Financial Corp. with securities fraud for misleading investors as the companys subprime mortgage business was collapsing in 2006.
At the time of the fraud, New Century was one of the largest subprime lenders in the nation, the SEC noted. "New Century shareholders took a double-hit: the company's mortgage assets and business performance became increasingly impaired, and management manipulated its numbers and concealed its deteriorating performance," said SEC Director of Enforcement Robert Khuzami in a statement.
The SEC's complaint names as defendants former CEO and co-founder Brad A. Morrice, former CFO Patti M. Dodge of Irvine, Calif., and former controller David N. Kenneally.
In its complaint, the SEC alleges that New Century disclosures generally sought to assure investors that its business was not at risk and was performing better than its peers. The defendants, however, failed to disclose important negative information, including dramatic increases in early loan defaults, loan repurchases, and pending loan repurchase requests. The SEC claims the defendants knew this negative information from numerous internal reports they regularly received, including weekly reports that Morrice ominously entitled "Storm Watch."
The complaint also alleges that Dodge and Kenneally fraudulently accounted for expenses related to bad loans that the company had to repurchase. In the face of dramatically increasing loan repurchases and a huge, undisclosed backlog of repurchase demands, Kenneally, with Dodge's knowledge, made changes to New Century's accounting for loan repurchases in both the second and third quarters of 2006. These undisclosed accounting changes violated generally accepted accounting principles and resulted in New Century's improperly avoiding substantial repurchase expenses and materially overstating its financial results.
The complaint further alleges that the defendants' fraud caused investors substantial losses. From early 2006 to early 2007, New Century's stock price ranged from $30.00 to $50.00; and in the second half of 2006, the company raised $142.5 million by selling stock to new investors. After New Century announced in February 2007 that it would have restate its 2006 financial statements, New Century's stock price fell 36 percent to around $19. New Century's stock price continued to fall, and traded at less than $1 when the company filed for bankruptcy in April 2007.
The complaint, filed in federal court in the Central District of California, seeks a final judgment permanently enjoining defendants from future violations of the federal securities laws, disgorgement with prejudgment interest, officer and director bars, and civil penalties.
The SEC also seeks from Morrice and Dodge reimbursement of bonuses and incentive or equity-based compensation pursuant to Section 304 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
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