IRS Tax Tip 2003-20, (Jan. 29, 2003) -- So your daughter is off to college and you're wondering if you can still claim her as a dependent? To be claimed as a dependent, a person must meet five tests, according to the IRS:
- Member of Household/Relationship Test – the person must be a relative or live in your household all year.
- Joint Return Test – the person can't file a joint tax return with someone else, except to claim a refund of all tax withheld.
- Citizenship Test – the person must be:
- a U.S. citizen, resident or national, or
- a resident of Canada or Mexico.
- Gross Income Test – the person must have less than $3,000 of gross income unless he/she is your child and is:
- under 19 years of age, or
- a full-time student (5 months of the year) and under age 24.
- Support Test – you must have provided over half the person’s total support, including food, clothing, shelter, education, medical expenses and recreation.
Assuming the person meets these tests, there are a couple of important points to remember. Be sure to include your dependent's Social Security number (SSN) when you file your return. Your dependent will not be able to claim a personal exemption on his/her own tax return if you are able to claim him or her. Finally, depending upon your income and filing status, the exemption amount for your dependent may be phased out. See Publication 501, Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information, for more details.
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