Sunday marked the 100th birthday of the U.S. federal income tax with the passage of the 16th Amendment to the Constitution on Feb. 3, 1913.

However, the first income tax dates back to ancient times, with the first known written record of taxes recorded in ancient Egypt, when grain, livestock or oils were used instead of money to pay what was owed to the government, according to the California Society of Enrolled Agents.  Even then, the surviving hieroglyphic tablets record how people complained about high taxes, the CSEA noted.  The Old Testament also records a poll tax used to pay for building King Solomon’s temple.

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