[IMGCAP(1)]Concern over the recession and double-digit unemployment has overshadowed what promises to be nothing short of an HR tsunami: the increasing shortage of qualified workers for the new economys high-skilled jobs. However, changing the Tax Code to make training a capitalized business expense would go a long way toward turning the tide.
We are in the midst of one of the most sweeping talent realignments across the entire U.S. labor-economic market since the Industrial Revolution. Its estimated that this year, employers will be unable to fill five million STEM jobs in science-, technology-, engineering- and math-related occupations, while millions of low-skilled Americans remain jobless. By 2020, that number will rise to 20 million unless employers and lawmakers take steps to retool the American workforce.
If this major imbalance between the talent supply and job requirements is looming, why have so few businesses changed their talent management strategies? The answer, in large part, is because the training thats so essential to developing a skilled workforce sits on the wrong side of the balance sheet.
Business has long accepted the financial concept that making physical capital investments today, such as building a plant or purchasing equipment, may yield a good profit tomorrow. However, business doesnt apply the same management thinking in making talent investments because current business accounting standards are stacked against workplace learning. The U.S. accounting system classifies training and educating people as a business expense, and purchasing equipment, machines, buildings as an investment. Particularly for publicly traded companies, this means that learning programs are deducted from quarterly earnings, while capital investments can be depreciated over time (according to IRS regulations).
In the minds of most business people, this makes investing in human capital a very unattractive business expense. Business guru Stephen Covey explains, If people are an expense and not an investment, imagine the psychology that spreads throughout an entire organization. Its like doing bloodletting when we understand germ theory. We can try to do bloodletting better, but the underlying paradigm is that people are an expense. And yet 80 percent of all value added comes from people.
In a fast-paced 21st-century knowledge economy, expensing training doesnt make any sense. Current U.S. accounting standards were basically written for a 20th-century that changed more slowly, and in which semi-skilled and unskilled jobs predominated. Today, American business needs a new talent-creating metric that can appear as an investment on a balance sheet to help a companys workforce keep up with the rapid pace of change.
We need to develop new accounting standards and IRS regulations that will allow business to capitalize training, development and education investments. This is not unplowed ground; the IRS already allows some of these expenditures to be capitalized if the training involved is unique to the business (see sidebar).
Making this breakthrough will encourage business to:
1. Develop trainee positions for people who require further education and training to qualify for vital unfilled positions;
2. Provide motivation to incumbent workers facing layoffs or unemployed workers who have the aptitude and motivation to learn;
3. Greatly encourage ongoing employee training and education updates for employees throughout a business; and,
4. Enhance support of internships and community and technical college programs that are preparing students for in-demand careers.
All of the above will have an immediate or long-term impact on reducing the nations rate of unemployment. For businesses, capitalizing training has the potential to enhance worker performance, increase productivity and raise profit margins.
National trade organizations such as the American Society for Training and Development, the Society for Human Resource Management, the Association for Career and Technical Education, the IEEE and others could provide the expertise to work with the Internal Revenue Service in developing depreciation tables for business training, education and internship program investments.
Capitalizing these investments will allow the U.S. business community to develop the talent they will need over the next decade to fully exploit high-tech innovations. We could easily see annual U.S. business investment in talent creation rise from about $53 billion in 2010 to over $100 billion by 2020.
Until now, business has not viewed the talent crisis as an urgent matter. But now the true effects of a global talent showdown have begun to ripple across the U.S. and world business community. Unless we greatly enhance the education-to-employment system, between 2010 and 2020 companies will have few alternatives but to hire large numbers of people who do not meet their talent requirements, and then try to haphazardly fill in their knowledge gaps. Quality and customer service will deteriorate across the economy.
What is needed is a new talent investment metric to help America sustain a higher standard of living and prevail as a global economic power in the 21st century. Without an adequate supply of talented people, it wont matter if a business tries to use advanced technologies, or if America hammers out better trade agreements. U.S. business investment in knowledge and talent creation is the single most important economic resource for short-term and long-term performance, productivity and profit.
Edward E. Gordon is president of Imperial Consulting Corporation. His new book is Winning the Global Talent Showdown: How Businesses and Communities Can Partner to Rebuild the Jobs Pipeline. He can be contacted at www.imperialcorp.com.
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