Internal Revenue Service Commissioner Douglas Shulman has written to congressional leaders informing them that he has directed the IRS’s technology team to reprogram its computers with the assumption that the Alternative Minimum Tax will be patched by the end of the year.
Shulman’s letter came in response to a letter sent last month by Senate Finance Committee Chairman Max Baucus, D-Mont. and ranking Republican member Charles Grassley, R-Iowa, as well as House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Sander Levin, D-Mich., and ranking member Dave Camp, R-Mich. (see Lawmakers Promise to Patch AMT).
In a letter sent to the four lawmakers on Wednesday, Shulman agreed to set the AMT exemption amounts for 2010 at $47,450 for individuals and $72,450 for married taxpayers filing jointly. Congress has not yet passed the traditional annual AMT patch, but is expected to do so before the end of the lame-duck session.
“Based on your letter, which urged me to take all necessary steps necessary to plan for such changes, I have directed our technology team to program IRS computers with the assumption that there will be an AMT ‘patch’ as outlined in your response,” wrote Shulman. “As a result, if the AMT is patched by the end of this year, the 21 million taxpayers who will no longer be subject to the AMT will be able to file their tax returns in a timely manner. Of course, if legislation has not passed by the end of this year, our computers will have been programmed incorrectly, and we will need to delay filing for these individuals as we reprogram our computers to the actual law in effect.”
Shulman also noted that the IRS is facing the dilemma of administering a variety of expired tax credits that many taxpayers are expecting Congress to extend.
“At the same time, we are confronting the challenge of administering a number of common individual income tax incentives that have already expired (otherwise known as ‘individual extenders’),” he wrote. “Examples include the deduction that educators claim for their expenses, the additional deduction for real property taxes for individuals who claim the standard deduction, deductions for tuition fees and expenses, and deductions for state and local sales taxes. At this time, we have programmed our computers in accordance with current law.”
Shulman urged the lawmakers, who are responsible for shepherding tax legislation through both the House and the Senate, to act before the end of the year to avoid filing season confusion.
“While I know you and your colleagues have a difficult challenge to enact legislation this year, I want to stress that it would be extremely detrimental to the entire tax filing season and to tens of millions of taxpayers if tax law changes affecting 2010 are deferred and then retroactively enacted in 2011,” he wrote.
“Specifically, it would be an unprecedented and daunting operational challenge to open the tax filing season under one set of tax laws with respect to AMT and extenders, begin accepting tax returns, and then have the law change,” he added. “Reprogramming systems and publishing new forms and instructions in the middle of filing season would introduce significant operation and compliance risks.”
Shulman noted that if the reprogramming were undertaken, the IRS would have to delay processing refunds for some or all of the 21 million people affected by AMT legislation and the more than 25 million people impacted by extenders legislation.
“The IRS would likely be faced with millions of taxpayers who filed and paid additional tax based on a law that later changed,” said Shulman. “These impacted taxpayers would then need to file amended returns, which could take months to process and send refunds. The overall strain on IRS service operations would affect not only AMT taxpayers and those who benefit from extenders, but would also spill over into service disruptions and/or delayed refunds for tens of millions of other taxpayers.”
Shulman was careful to distinguish tax items like the AMT and individual tax extenders from other pending tax legislation like the much-debated fate of the Bush tax cuts and the estate tax.
“I hope this information about the operational challenges of AMT and individual extenders is helpful,” he wrote. “These tax provisions can be distinguished from other pending tax legislation because they are so critical to ensuring that taxpayers experience a smooth tax filing season starting in January, and because it would be extremely detrimental to the tax system if changes affecting tax year 2010 were made after the end of this year.”
Register or login for access to this item and much more
All Accounting Today content is archived after seven days.
Community members receive:
- All recent and archived articles
- Conference offers and updates
- A full menu of enewsletter options
- Web seminars, white papers, ebooks
Already have an account? Log In
Don't have an account? Register for Free Unlimited Access