Schedule M-3 is part of the effort by the Internal Revenue Service to get a better handle on abusive tax shelters and other aggressive tax techniques by getting sufficient detail on book/tax differences that it can guide IRS auditors to transactions in need of further examination.The IRS is sufficiently confident in its ability to track book/tax differences on Schedule M-3 that earlier this year it removed book/tax differences as a criteria required for reportable transactions. While the former Schedule M-1 required only 10 lines of information, Schedule M-3 expands that to 90 lines of information, with an emphasis on making a distinction between temporary and permanent book/tax differences.

Schedule M-3 is divided into three parts. Part I attempts to determine the appropriate financial net income starting point for the reconciliation. Part II is a reconciliation of income and loss items. Part III is a reconciliation of expense and deduction items.

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