(Bloomberg) Michael Oxley, the former U.S. congressman who co-sponsored the landmark Sarbanes-Oxley Act has died, age 71.

He died January 1 in McLean, Va., the Associated Press reported, citing his wife, Patricia Oxley. The cause was non-small cell lung cancer, which can afflict non-smokers.

The Ohio Republican served 12 terms in the House of Representatives, retiring in 2007. The Sarbanes-Oxley legislation took aim at the corporate fraud that toppled energy firm Enron Corp. and telecom provider WorldCom Inc., among others. Among many other things, it created the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board to regulate auditors, required corporate executives to vouch for company financials, and sought to protect investors from further governance abuses.

"Investor confidence is almost an oxymoron these days," Oxley said on July 24, 2002, the day the bill he co-sponsored with Democratic U.S. Senator Paul Sarbanes of Maryland was cleared by congressional negotiators. He promised that the law would "make corporate executives who break the law and betray the public trust pay severely."

Sarbanes-Oxley, sometimes referred to as SOX, came after a whistle-blower in 2001 revealed that Enron kept large debts off its balance sheets and after WorldCom, in 2002, inflated revenue and misrepresented expenses.

Regulatory controls

Sections of the law require officials to certify that financial statements are true and fair, report on the adequacy of internal controls, and give timely disclosure on material changes.

The legislation also provides for whistle-blower protection and clawbacks of executive pay in cases of wrongdoing. It bans auditors from doing consulting work for a public company for which they serve as an auditor, imposes criminal penalties for destroying, concealing or falsifying records, and created the PCAOB, subjecting auditors of public companies to independent oversight for the first time.

Part of the law was struck down in 2010 when the Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that the board violated the constitution's separation of power provisions because it didn't give the president enough say over its members. While the PCAOB was left intact, the ruling meant the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission would have unfettered authority to fire members.

Center for Audit Quality executive director Cindy Fornelli paid tribute to Oxley in a statement: "The CAQ is saddened by the passing of Mike Oxley, a leader whose work shaped the nation significantly for the better. ... His ability to work with others was just one of many qualities that helped him to compile an amazing list of accomplishments both in the public service and in the private sector. Of his many achievements, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 looms large. The law strengthened financial reporting and audit quality through greater executive accountability, new oversight of public company audits, independent audit committees, and enhanced auditor independence. Its legacy is evident in the robust levels of confidence that investors, from Wall Street to Main Street, show in U.S. capital markets."

Tributes from current members of Congress came from both parties. Rep. Maxine Waters, the California Democrat who is now the ranking member of the House Financial Services Committee that Oxley once led, called him "a class act" in a Facebook post. Speaker of the House Paul Ryan, a Wisconsin Republican, called him "a true policy-maker, passionate about the intricacies of his work" in a statement.

"He exuded fairness, integrity, compassion and service to others," Laurie Fenton Ambrose, president and chief executive officer of the Washington-based Lung Cancer Alliance, where Oxley served as board chairman, said in an online statement.

Ohio background

Michael Garver Oxley was born Feb. 11, 1944, in Findlay, Ohio. In 1966, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Miami University, in Oxford, Ohio, and three years later earned a law degree from the Ohio State University, in Columbus, according to his official House biography. After graduating, he joined the Federal Bureau of Investigation, where he worked until 1972. He then went into private practice.

Oxley became a member of Ohio's state house of representatives and served as a delegate to both state and national Republican conventions. In 1981, a special election chose him to fill the seat vacated by the death of Representative Tennyson Guyer.

He held the seat for 25 years and, from 2001 to 2006, served as chairman of the House Committee on Financial Services. He left Congress in January 2007.

After leaving public office Oxley was a counsel at the BakerHostetler law firm in Washington, serving corporate-governance clients, and a senior adviser to the board at Nasdaq OMX Group Inc.

He is survived by his wife and their son, Michael Chadd Oxley.

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