In an effort to minimize disputes regarding whether a truck body satisfies the weight-based exclusion provided in Section 4051(a)(2), the Internal Revenue Service, in Rev. Proc. 2005-19, has established four truck body safe harbors. Section 4051(a)(2) provides an exclusion from the tax imposed by Section 4051(a)(1) for truck chassis and bodies suitable for use with a vehicle that has a gross vehicle weight of 33,000 pounds or less. Similarly, Section 4051(a)(3) provides an exclusion for truck trailer and semi-trailer chassis and bodies suitable for use with a trailer or semi-trailer that has a GVW of 26,000 pounds or less. The IRS announced that it will not challenge a seller's determination that any of the following classifications of truck body types meet the "suitable for use" standard and sales thereof are excluded from the retail excise tax pursuant to Section 4051(a)(2): 1. Platform truck bodies 21 feet or less in length; 2. Dry freight and refrigerated truck van bodies 24 feet or less in length; 3. Dump truck bodies with load capacities of eight cubic yards or less; or 4. Refuse packer truck bodies with load capacities of 20 cubic yards or less. Other body types may also still satisfy the "suitable for use" standard if the seller can establish that, pursuant to Reg. 145.4051-1(a)(4), the truck body has practical and commercial fitness for use with a vehicle having a GVW of 33,000 pounds or less. Rev. Proc. 2005-19 is effective for sales on or after April 4, 2005. In the case of sales before April 4, 2005, the IRS won't challenge sellers who take positions consistent with the revenue procedure's safe harbors.
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